Autoimmune diseases: Antibody attack

Thyroid disorders can arise in a variety of ways. Thus, the lack of iodine in the diet is one of the most common causes of goiter and nodule formation. But even the body itself can cause severe damage to the mini-organ: The Graves ‚disease or the so-called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis are autoimmune thyroid diseases.
The body attacks itself and its own organs with the immune system. The antibodies that are normally self „invaders such as Combat pathogens should be suddenly misprogramed and directed for example against the thyroid gland. The body then reacts like a „normal“ immune response: an inflammation of the organ. This chronic inflammation leads to permanent destruction of the thyroid gland.
The autoimmune thyroid disorders are usually detected only if the institution has been changed in its function, so that depending on the disease, the discomfort is an over-or underactive. Typically, the Graves‘ disease is associated with hyperactivity: The person is suffering from heart palpitations, nervousness, sleep disturbances and restlessness. In addition to all this are added the consequences of bad reaction of the immune system, such as bulging eyes, joint or muscle pain. The Hashimoto inflammation may begin with a hyper, but in the long term to a fall of thyroid tissue and thus underperformance with fatigue, general fatigue, depressed mood and feeling cold. Here, too, for example, additional changes may occur on the skin.